National Coordinating Agency for Population and Development
Pharm Access Africa Limited
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The survey sampling frame was developed by the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) which also planned and conducted the training for the survey field workers, collected the data and entered the data from the survey questionnaires (which can be seen in Attachment 2). The African Population and Health Research Centre (APHRC) provided in -country technical assistance to KNBS to ensure that data were gathered according to a standard, scientific protocol and participated in data analysis. Jhpiego, an international non-profit health organization affiliated with The Johns Hopkins University (and the lead partner in the country-level project consortium), provided administrative assistance and managed and carried out the dissemination of the survey results. Other partners and stakeholders of Tupange are Marie Stopes Kenya (MSK), the National Coordinating Agency for Population and Development (NCAPD), the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communications Programs (JHU/CCP), the Division of Reproductive Health (DRH) in the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, and Pharm Access Africa Limited (PAAL). The Tupange partners jointly provided technical inputs during the development of the survey instruments and NCAPD conducted community sensitization to help maximize response rates. The Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (UNC), provided the overall study design and execution for this survey and led the data analysis.
The KNBS recruited research assistants and supervisors based on a set of defined criteria, including experience with large-scale, national-level, population-based surveys.
The final team included 31 supervisors, 93 female research assistants, 27 male research assistants, 31 field editors and 12 reserves. APHRC hired six quality assurance personnel.
Training of the research team was undertaken from September 4 to September 15, 2010.
Technical and program staff from KNBS, NCAPD, MOH, MLE and APHRC served as trainers and divided participants into four groups to train them on questionnaire administration, logistics and Tupange objectives using manuals to ensure that the team was fully briefed on survey contents and procedures. A mix of training techniques including class presentations, mock interviews and practice interviews in the field was used.
Supervisors were given supplementary training on the identification of clusters and households for the survey, distribution of assignments to the research assistants, accounting for the completed questionnaires, and what to look out for when carrying out the initial editing of the questionnaires while in the field. All trainees were taken for practice interviews in households in selected clusters in the town of Nakuru. Each trainee was tasked with collecting data for two of each of the questionnaires depending on the availability of the eligible respondents at the household level. During the last day of the training, the final field teams were formed and supervisors, research assistants and field editors were identified.
The quality assurance staff received a three-day training prior to participating in the main survey training for field workers. The team was trained on various techniques of monitoring data quality and how to give feedback to the field teams on common errors found on the questionnaires.
Staff from APHRC, MOH, NCAPD, Jhpiego and KNBS participated in the fieldwork supervision. In order to ensure that the selected communities were receptive to fieldwork staff, NCAPD and KNBS district statistical officers organized and implemented a series of social mobilization activities in the clusters sampled for the survey before sampling began. Community barazas (gatherings held to raise awareness and share collective wisdom) were held with community members, the local administration and management bodies of the residential areas, and village elders were used to inform the target communities about the survey plans. Due to the short time between the social mobilization activities and the beginning of data collection, many community members did not receive information about the survey.
Director General, KNBS
MLE, Tupange and KNBS. 2011. Report of the Baseline Household Survey for the Kenya Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (Tupange). Measurement, Learning & Evaluation of the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (MLE) [UNC, USA]; Kenya Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (Tupange) [Nairobi, Kenya]; and Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) [Nairobi, Kenya].